Today, the building materials market can see a lot of different types of adhesive mixtures. They differ in their properties, scope, cost and quality. And every man, who has not previously faced with finishing works question, a tile adhesive choose.
In its structure, the glue mixture there are four species of common, in addition, that differ in the proportions of a component. because, it is important to know what kind of tile adhesive is needed in a particular case. Here everything will depend on the type of tile, surface, on which it will be laid, indoor climate and a number of factors.
Types of adhesive mixtures
The first step is to decide on the, which are glutinous mixture. In total, they are divided as follows::
- cement mixtures.
- Epoxy adhesive.
- Adhesive mixtures based on the dispersion.
- As well as polyurethane compositions.
For, to understand what kind of tile adhesive is best suited, consider in more detail each of the species. To begin in total will understand, how to choose the right adhesive for tiles:
This mixture is most popular in use, due to its unique properties and versatility. This allows using such a composition of virtually any tiling work. In particular, Interior finishing work.
Among the advantages can be noted:
- Relatively low cost.
- The speed of preparation and application of the solution.
- Ease of application.
- Due to the cost can significantly reduce the overall costs for repairs.
- Higher reliability of fastening, in contrast to the types of glue paste.
- High mechanical properties.
- A wide range of choice.
- By adding the modifying components can special building facade cladding using such adhesive.
Speaking about the production, you can note, that such an adhesive for tiling made on the basis of Portland cement, in combination with sand and additional modifying components, which are used depending on the desired properties of the mixture.
It uses this composition solely for internal finishes, wherein, in dry, and in areas with high humidity. Besides, you can use it on any surface, from plaster and bare concrete, finishing screed or wooden base.
In some cases, allowed to use the outside of the building, but only at low levels of rainfall in the region, since eventually leach solution may.
The epoxy adhesive composition
Another type of composition becomes a solvent, Among the features you can select a pasty consistency. Such an embodiment is well suited most, if the acute problem of, a tile adhesive better during installation on the ceiling.
Additional application features include the ability to use both adhesive, so securing or leveling material. You can use it with any surfaces, in particular:
- For ceramic compound, concrete, wood, aluminum, become.
- When repairing concrete structures. For example, during eliminate cracks in the concrete screed.
- For fastening the carrier elements for repair (columns, curbs).
- Also for finishing corners and eliminate cracks.
This kind, also, as the last of a pasty consistency, moreover it does not contain in its composition solvents. Used mostly for laying large size and weight of the tiles.
It is also used quite often when pasting tile surfaces plasterboard or DSP. In some cases, you may notice its use not only for laying tile, but everything for thermal insulation materials on the surface.
This is the last kind of glue. This material is composed of a single component, as the name implies - Polyurethane. It has a high level of flexibility, therefore used as a tile, and for insulation.
The majority is used to glue ceramic tiles and metlahskoy. It is also often used as an adhesive for floor tiles, when the old base wall and wooden coatings.
It should be noted, that the main type of, which is most often used is cement becomes, since the majority of its properties enough for work.
Necessary properties and adhesive consumption
When it comes to, some adhesive to glue tiles, must take into account several key characteristics, that it must have, among them are the following:
The first is - adhesive skid resistance. Because each of the compositions have their standard qualities tiksortnyh, and the stability it will be different.
But anyway, glue, suitable for use in certain circumstances, should have good adhesion and plastic structure. In this way, choosing the glue, You need to consider the level of slip, it should not exceed half a millimeter. note, that there is a superior blend, in which the level of no more than 0,1 millimeter.
Open time. This factor suggests, during which time the adhesive mixture can maintain its properties, do not dry, not zavetrivayas. Due to which it can be freely laid tile. The standard time is the 15-20 minutes, for quick-drying glue mixtures 5-10 minutes.
Adjustments open time. Talking about, which adhesive is needed to tile, We should be seen in how long we will be able to adjust its position. Good mixture should provide free movement to fully tile finish leveling, though, exclude it slipping. In this way, solution should give maximum adhesion, but at the same time, under the mechanical action of a time to succumb to the adjustment position.
Also, in question on a better glue to glue the tiles becomes an important factor term solution use. This time, during which the solution can be exploited since its kneading. considering the standard, though high-quality solutions, this time ranges from 1 up to 3 hours.
And the last question becomes, a glue for laying tiles to choose depending on the flow. In particular, most brands from different manufacturers have practically the same rate. It depends directly on the size of the tile. When laying tile standard material size 20*20 centimeters consumption averages 3-4 kilogram.
Features of the application
Wondering about, What tile adhesive should be used to take into account the peculiarities of its application. In some cases there is a need for non-standard types of adhesive mixtures.
For example, when it comes to laying tiles with large dimensions, it is necessary to apply the adhesive with a high level of fixation. Suitable Typhoon Wizard number 11 or Ceresit CM12.
Another feature becomes styling mosaic, It will also need to form a separate adhesive mixture. It will also include marble and styling, crystal stones, and transparent materials.
When laying tiles on the surface, that can be deformed, you should use the adhesive mixture with a high level of flexibility.
Depending on the arrangement of the heating, It may need to use a heat-resistant adhesive.
Main features and value different adhesive mixtures in RF
And the last factor, to be considered, To determine what glue to glue ceramic tiles, it is a mixture of different manufacturers, their compliance with the basic requirements of quality, and most importantly - the cost.
|Using (time)||Adhesion Level MPa||Permissible temperature of the substrate||Thickness (mm)||Consumption (kg.)||price (rub. per kg)|
|Typhoon Master №12||15||2||0,8||+5..+25||4||2-4||20-30|
|Typhoon Master №14||5||0,5||1,0||0..-10||4||2-4||30-40|
|Arsenal DM 111||10-15||1,5-2||0,8||+5..+25||2-10||1,8||20-30|
Now, knowing the basic properties of the adhesive, you can choose one, that suits you best. Also, for convenience, we offer use the calculator, by which you can determine how much of the mixture will need to work, and then calculate its approximate cost, In view of the pricing policy in the table. (The table will be updated periodically, depending on changes in the cost of production)
In this way, considered fully all the characteristics listed types of adhesive, you can decide for yourself what kind of glue for tiles on the floor better. According to its characteristics, given adhesives do not differ much, except for a few of them, which are heat-resistant (Parade K-77). Total, despite the great diversity, it is best to entrust the repair and selection of materials specialists.
And finally,, suggest you see a video about the difference of tile adhesive .