Carrying out repairs in the apartment, we change not only furniture, floors, wallpaper, ceiling, but outdated water supply wiring. Wiring diagram of water supply in the apartment - a system of technical products and water pipes, connecting various plumbing devices in different places apartments.
There are two major water supply schemes in apartment:
- Troynikovaya (consistent);
Traynikovaya distributing water
- Plumbing tee wiring of the apartment is performed in a serial connection points of consumers tubes (bath, restroom, cranes, washing machine, etc.) a common riser. The first main pipe connected to hot and cold water, and then from these pipes further branches are performed using tees for the needs of the consumers apartment. Advantages of such a scheme - a small price, the most compact version, installation is simple and convenient.
The disadvantages tee circuit wiring water pipes need to include the following: pressure drop at several points included consumption; in case of a leak of one of the points of consumption, disable the account for the entire system; placement of the tees relatively small area is challenging.
In the case of repair work can not overlap water, if you install the faucet to plumbing at the point of consumption, overlapping the water supply to a particular consumer.
This layout water supply the best option for small apartments, and more suitable for flat collector circuit.
The reservoir water supply wiring
Manifold supply wiring is performed by summing circuit pipes to each individual point. each object, whether the shower, toilet, dishwasher or faucet - receives a predetermined amount of water, even if these points are included at the same time.
Collector, located on the water main entrance to the apartment, made with pin, the number of which is equal to or more than the number of points of consumption serviced. A greater number of pins clear, it is necessary, eg, with the purchase of another washing machine or you need to install an additional valve in the kitchen - then these findings will be useful.
List the advantages of the collector wiring water:
1. Convenient location cranes, they, usually, installed in a separate location, allotted under the sanitary equipment.
2. disconnection, eg, the soul does not affect other bathrooms.
3. Provided always stable pressure in the circuit, you will not get lost hot water in the kitchen, When you fill a water bath.
4. Repair convenient and easy to carry, because from the point of consumption to the collector just one pipe.
5. Even if you open all the taps with hot water immediately, the water temperature drops at least a degree.
Not without drawbacks, and this circuit layout water supply in the apartment. For its installation need a lot of material, a number of pipes requires adequate financial expenses. Time, to qualitatively perform the numerous wiring, it takes quite a lot of.
Replacing wiring water
To replace the water supply wiring in the apartment, first it is necessary to dismantle the old water. First, turn off water supply risers, then cut away from the grinder old pipe valves and unscrew them, trying not to make distortions.
How to make the replacement of pipes in the bathroom you can see in the video.
Almost always the water supply valve to the segment clogged with a mixture of sand and slag. Be sure to clean the tube before you begin installation, typically this is done using a screwdriver or string. Change the valve and filter. When installing the pipes do polipropilenoyh outer chamfer on the cut, we clean the pipe and inserted into one side of the fitting, and the other in the nozzle. Then, using a soldering iron to melt plastic, the pipe end fitting and set in a few seconds Wait till. Everything, operation is completed - go to another compound.
Distributing water in a private house
At the present time it is impossible to imagine a private house without modern water system and it does not matter it's expensive mansion or a very small dacha. Wiring diagram of the water supply of private homes is done on the same principle, and that the water supply wiring in the apartment. Exactly the same two ways - serial and parallel. Consistent way to the most optimal connection vodopodvoda system in a small house. This is the same way to connect Tee, wherein the pressure in the system decreases with increasing number of consumers. This way of distributing water supply in the private house remains still the most simple and low-cost.
parallel method, is not nothing, as a collector, All the same substance, where consumers are connected individually to a common cart and there is no pressure drop and temperature. But this way of wiring running water in the house all the same remains costly and time-consuming on-time performance.
Yet there are differences, and the first distinctive feature is the source of water supply. In this case, it is a well or borehole. Further, Mandatory presence pumping station or pump. For the water accumulation and create a certain pressure is required accumulator, that there are no contaminants, used for cleaning filter.
Further, according to the scheme of water supply wiring in a private home, tee should be placed after the hydraulic accumulator, And on the tee should be shut-off valve with two outputs - one for home, the other for the exit water supply to the garden. The filter is placed, of course, Exit Home.
After the filter is inserted into the water one more tee, which will split the hot and cold water. The next stage - a pipe for cold supply manifold connected to the cold water, And the collector must have a shut-off valve on each individual outlet. The pipe for hot water should be connected to a heating boiler or a gas boiler, and then to the collector, supplying the hot water plumbing.
Perhaps, there is no need to remind, what is best for the system - is to perform wiring Water polypropylene pipes. This is the easiest and most inexpensive form of such compounds.
For normal operation, wiring pipes sewerage and water supply is necessary to fulfill the following requirements: without fail, after each washing machine and dishwasher, pissuara, bath, sinks and sink traps installed hydraulic locks. The shower and the toilet that the water seal is located in the housing.
obviously, that there is nothing complicated about installing water systems for private houses or apartments there, but it's better to let professionals deal with this matter.