Preparing for tiling: 5 tips
The advantages of ceramic tiles obvious: It is one of the most ancient materials, used in finishing, tiles eco-friendly product, durable, neprihotliva the spies, vodostoyka, relatively inexpensive, It is presented in a large assortment. Consider a few tips on facing tiles, advantages, Tips for choosing, how to cut, surface preparation, little secrets and tricks during installation of the site renovated one-room apartment with his hands. Recall, that after watching the tips we recommend to read the article how to put the tiles on the bathroom floor and walls properly with video instruction. It further.
1. What you need to know about the benefits of ceramic tiles
• has high strength. surface, tiled, last longer, in comparison with a number of other materials, are used to cover walls and floors.
• Does not burn, it does not emit toxic substances and smoke.
• Water-resistant. Perhaps, It is an ideal material for use in rooms with high humidity, such as a bathroom or shower room.
• Resistant to abrasion. As a floor covering, it is not subject to abrasion and wear, the best confirmation - market places or underpasses, where its coating resists even the large flow of people.
• Provides slip resistance. Modern tiles are available with the addition of abrasive sand for glaze, so it has a anti-slip factor.
• Frost resistance. Vitreous ceramic tile, as well as a porcelain stand any frost, if they are used for the exterior cladding of the house or facing balcony.
• Easy maintenance. What could be simpler, than from time to time to wash with water, and often simply wipe with a damp sponge.
• Chemical resistant. Ceramic tile is not afraid of the impact of acid, alkalis and other chemicals.
• Do not change color, when exposed to sunlight.
2. Tips for choosing a tile
The modern market offers a range of the most varied of ceramic tiles. When you select should be guided by concrete cladding place whether it's gender, walls or separate areas, and location, where the cladding will be made. Tile in the bathroom or swimming pool tiles need a low porosity, the degree of wear resistance but is unimportant, that applies to the floor.
Tile in the kitchen requirements are the same, with the exception of sex, which should be more robust, and low porosity tiles. More resistant to abrasion need in the hallway. And look how to perform calculation of the number of ceramic tiles for bathroom and any other room.
All the necessary information can be found on the packaging:
• on the packaging for the floor tiles depicted foot on a black background
• if it is suitable for walls, it depicts a hand
• frost displayed snowflake
• increased durability of said foot on shaded background
• High level characterizes the repetition of the same icon
The edges should be smooth, surface without cracks, spalling, smooth to the touch.
3. How to cut tile
Before how to cut tile at home, it is necessary to soak 40-60 min in water. Then, noting the line, an incision in her glass cutter roller. Align the notch with the edge of the table, push and break. Or sheet under the score line match and push simultaneously on both sides. It splits exactly in the notch. The incision should be done once, drawing them from the edge, toward you, leaving a groove. Apply a special tile cutter, which differs from the glass cutter wheel large size and the presence of a mechanism for breaking, very handy thing. For large volumes of work, We recommend purchasing such a device
4. Preparation of the surface under the tile
The more thorough the surface will be prepared under facing, the longer you serve tiles. First of all, you need to check the level or plumb walls. If there are gaps or surface between the plumb line and the wall, is measured them with a tape measure. Check high level of flatness. Lumen should not exceed 2 ml. Tapping can check the strength of the surface. If there are layers, to crumble, will have to remove them. If the walls are wooden, have before you start with the tiles, sheathe their metal mesh, which was packed into bars, and between the wall and the grid is laid roofing felt or roofing material. Mesh coated with cement, shtukaturyat, but the plaster should be no more 15 ml. Painted walls should be cleaned from paint completely. Otherwise, ceramic tile will move away from the wall with cement or adhesive mixture, will begin to puff up and drop off. Then go across slaps cloth surface, moistened cement solution with water. The solution is made with liquid, as sour cream. Once primed thus dries wall, you can proceed to the most lining. Preparation of the surface under the tile is an important stage, you should not ignore, see the article alignment of the walls and ceiling with his hands, useful in our case.
5. Secrets tiling
Begin work on laying the bottom need. Before that, he checked the floor flatness and is strictly horizontal markings. The solution is applied with a trowel on tiles, and then strongly pressed against the wall tiles, tapping a hammer handle or a special rubber mallet, while the tiles will not sit down to the desired level. Care should be taken, solution to uniformly fill the whole tile surface, but it was no longer 15 mm. To get a neat seams, specific crosses are inserted between the tiles. After that, as a solution clutched, they removed. The tiles are chipped or cracked, inferior, reserve for, to establish there, which does not fit the entire ceramic tile. And look how to lay tile around pipes, angles, sockets and switches, Simple Tips and Secrets - a big favor.