The walls at the entrance to any premises are the objects to contemplate, and each owner seeks to make them difficult to perfect, and blameless. For their decorating today there are a lot of unique solutions. They can be painted, they can perform a decorative stucco or wallpapered. It is the latter method is the most common, because with this material, and still with a beautiful textured pattern, you can create a truly unique atmosphere. In addition, modern technologies allow to produce wallpaper, which can be painted several times. These include non-woven. In this article we will look at the technology of gluing non-woven wallpaper, but before, become familiar with their types and the basic principles of selection.
Types of wallpaper and benefits
Non-woven wallpapers are one of the best materials for walls and ceiling. What are their advantages? They, As a material of natural origin, possess excellent indicators of breathability due to its porous structure. Glue non-woven wallpaper on the walls allows them to breathe, thereby preventing the formation of mold and mildew development. They can also be repainted many times. In commercially available models, that stand up 10 cycles tinting water-based latex paints. In this wallpaper only become stronger and more resistant to stress. But because of the dispersion of latex powder porous structure of non-woven wallpaper is changing its look and textured with each coat of paint, they become less attractive.
A lot of cycles tinting they survive due to the multilayer structure. Their basis is the carrier fibrous cellulose, which has incredible tensile strength and tear.
But do not doubt, in, that they not be melted at an excessive thickness of the adhesive layer and swell. Yes, they also have a property. Therefore, it is important to respect the proportions and not to forget the glue carefully spread over the surface of the wall.
Today, commercially available for at least two kinds of non-woven wallpaper, sticky walls that will design exclusive and unique:
Textured or grooved. They are excellent at hiding blemishes and small flaws surface of the wall, creating a relief surface. These wallpapers can be used in absolutely any room, but it should be remembered, they are worse amenable to cleaning. They better not wash.
- The second type are the dense embossed wallpaper. Thanks to the technology, they are more durable, but also thinner. This property suggests, that the non-woven wallpaper pasting this type of poorly prepared wall will only highlight the nuances and defects on the surface. Therefore, they should be used only in well-prepared substrate.
Depending on the colors on sale as there are two types of wallpaper:
colored. They already have a drawing, which must be selected and taken into account when calculating the amount of material.
- Monochrome or koleruemye. This wallpaper can be painted to 10 time, thereby creating a new fresh design room. This is the main advantage of this material - significantly change with minimal cost design apartments.
All of the above types of wallpapers are available in two sizes with a length of 10 m:
- width 53 cm;
- width 106 cm.
Pros and cons of different widths of wallpaper
For gluing non-woven wallpaper with their hands in a small room with lots of windows and doorways, of course, better to stop your choice on a standard width for us 53 cm. With them in cramped conditions and fuss less hassle. The disadvantage of course is a large number of joints.
The second in size 106 cm will be relevant in the large and spacious room. Their glue faster, It requires fewer sheets to cut joints and half, which are usually allocated at pasting. In addition, they are cheaper, compared to the first frame size. what, probably, due to the sales policy and the management of the companies, their produce.
Technologies require not so much the cost for the production of fabric width in meters, but the cost is almost twice as high. In this way, for a slight increase in embezzlement get more profit.
Calculating the number of wallpaper
Rules gluing non-woven wallpaper first of all include the correct calculation of their. If it remains a large stock, it is in principle nothing. But when you consider the durability of the material, it's just money thrown into the box. But their cost is high enough, than compared to conventional paper. And the lack of them can delay the repair for a long time, or, at all, his ruin, if you can not find the same.
When purchasing should pay their attention to the lot number. In one type of wallpaper, he is always the same. Also, the calculation should be added on each sheet 2 cm. This will help to avoid distortions when the irregularities in height from floor to ceiling.
Each seller has a design table, on which you can always identify, how any
with such and such parameters tube honors take to the room. In a few words, it's pretty simple. Manufacturers produce wallpaper with a small margin on the length, which is of the order of 10 cm. And when you consider, that the distance from the floor to the ceiling is 2,5 m, what happens in one roll 4 segment with a margin for each of 2-2,5 cm. But this is true, if there is no need to pick up drawing because of his absence. If the pattern is present, it is necessary to take into account his step, which is usually indicated on the package.
Further, for calculation, You need to find the perimeter of the room. If it is 10 m, the 53 See tubes need 4 PC. In this case, the stock is still 1 a quarter sheet, subtracting the area of the window and door openings. More accurately calculate the amount of wallpaper will help online calculator.
technology training base
High-quality wall-paper hanging on a paper basis should be carried out only prepared wall surfaces. They should be easy to smooth, but smooth. Pits and mounds on a surface in any case lead to warp or deformation of the sheet the line connections. this, agree, It will look awkward at such a cost of wallpaper.
To align the walls need to use filler with subsequent grouting. BUT what primed wall Before mounting non-woven wallpaper? Wall should be carefully covered with primer high penetration. Non-woven wallpaper is quite heavy finishing material, therefore require durable and reliable base with high adhesion. For simple wallpaper enough to use as a primer himself glue, but for non-woven it can play havoc in the future.
Pasting wallpapered walls flizelinovoj carried on a marking. Usually masters recommend to start from the far corner of the window or. But it was true, When issued with a special thin slips for lapping wallpaper, that the seams are less noticeable. Today, the technology requires a more responsible approach and close connections sheets in a single plane. Therefore, we begin counting from any convenient and the most level place. It is also necessary, to the first sheet on it went without bends and cuts. This place can be a window opening, door or the angle.
With a plumb and roulette measured from the starting point of the distance, equal to the width of one leaf and a vertical line is drawn soft pencil, desirable gray color or close to it. Further, markings continue from the existing line along the perimeter of the room with a periodic control the line of verticality. After contact with the angle from one wall to another should be done a small overlap. It can be from 1 to 2 cm. This is necessary in order, to avoid glimpse because of irregularities angle geometry. It then using smooth tool (long spatula or rules) and a sharp knife a building can be easily removed. In the same manner and the bypass outer corners.
Everything, Preparing walls for gluing non-woven wallpaper is completely done, you can start cutting sheets of wallpaper. Non-woven wallpaper to be glued on just smeared wall surface, but it is not necessary to put it on themselves wallpaper. This will lead to excessive impregnation, which may lead to deformation and loss of appearance. Besides, prolonged storage in a folded state patterned wallpaper outwardly acquired characteristic spiral shape. To fix this, each cut sheet is rolled tightly in the opposite direction and is set to wait for the queue at their place. This will allow to spend less time at the most pasting.
Important to remember! If you are new in this business and in doubt, that get pokleit butt, then at each place it is recommended to paint the paint to match the color of wallpaper. This would eliminate the possibility of emission of white flashes on the background wall color drawing.
Equipment pasting the walls with wallpaper
caused markup, We prepared each fragment, stocked ladder and another brush, soft roller, brush for wallpaper and a plastic trowel, you can start working.
Dilute the adhesive according to the instructions. It is important to pay attention to the flow of heavy and light wallpaper. Also manufacturers glue consumption point with application to both surfaces and on one.
Dilute adhesive must water at room temperature. For this purpose it is dialed the required number in the container and, wide stick stirring constantly, thin stream poured glue. It is important to avoid the formation of lumps during crystallization mixture. If they are formed, the usual reinforcing mesh, they can be easily removed. Suffice it to lower edge of the tank and stirring the composition. Clots themselves stick to the grid.
Technology gluing wallpaper on non-woven backing involves applying adhesive only on the walls of a soft roll. If this condition is not satisfied, then they can swell and burst. Next, prepared and rolled in the opposite direction to align the sheet unfolds and carefully applied to the surface. Leveling it is necessary to start from the top down from the center to the edges, but do not rub. A platen roll or flatten special brush. It is typically used for wallpaper with complex textured pattern. When a thin roller rolled all joints. It is important not to overdo it, because the porous structure of the wallpaper can be damaged, and this place will be a dent. On the methods and fix wallpaper joints defects. The best selection video on how to hang wallpaper.
Sealing the edges of the sheets on a plinth
For better adhesion of the sheet all the corners should be gently pressed with a plastic spatula. Trimming the excess must be carried out only after complete drying of wallpaper. For this new broad spatula and pressed down acute angle knife mounting piece is removed the unwanted. For a beautiful and aesthetic finishing sections of the walls around switches and sockets their cover unscrew. And greasing the surface of the track, the adhesive did not get into the slot. best embodiment, permitting illumination, will blackout the entire room. In details about how to hang wallpaper in the corners.
In addition to the instructions laid down would be useful to view the video.